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Results Found: 6
  • Does hugging provide stress-buffering social support?
    Internal Dataset

    Authors
    • Cohen, Sheldon
    • Janicki-Deverts, Denise
    • Turner, Ronald B.
    • Doyle, William J.
    Description

    Perceived social support has been hypothesized to protect against the pathogenic effects of stress. How such protection might be conferred, however, is not well understood. Using a sample of 404 healthy adults, we examined the roles of perceived social support and received hugs in buffering against interpersonal stress-induced susceptibility to infectious disease. Perceived support was assessed by questionnaire, and daily interpersonal conflict and receipt of hugs were assessed by telephone interviews on 14 consecutive evenings. Subsequently, participants were exposed to a virus that causes a common cold and were monitored in quarantine to assess infection and illness signs. Perceived support protected against the rise in infection risk associated with increasing frequency of conflict. A similar stress-buffering effect emerged for hugging, which explained 32% of the attenuating effect of support. Among infected participants, greater perceived support and more-frequent hugs each predicted less-severe illness signs. These data suggest that hugging may effectively convey social support.

    Keywords
    • Disease Susceptibility
    • Interpersonal Relations
    • Psychology
    • Respiratory Tract Infections
    • Social Support
    • Stress, Psychological
    • Touch
    • Virology
    Access Rights
    Free to all
  • Data from: Perceptions and Attitudes toward Data Sharing among Dental Researchers
    Internal Dataset

    Authors
    • Spallek, Heiko
    • Weinberg, Seth M.
    • Manz, Michael C.
    • Nanayakkara, Shanika
    • 2 more author(s)...
    Description

    Data were collected from 42 researchers in the International Association for Dental Research examining the respondents' attitudes towards data sharing, concerns related to data sharing, experiences sharing data through repositories and by request, data management practices, and use of new data analysis tools. The responses were unanimously positive towards the idea of data sharing, but included many expressions of concern about the appropriate use of data and the protection of research subjects. The results of this study may aid the development of improved data sharing processes for dental research, including the potential establishment of managed data clearinghouses.

    Keywords
    • Data Curation
    • Dental Research
    • Dentistry
    • Information Dissemination
    Timeframe
    2015 – 2016
    Access Rights
    Author approval required
  • Pilkonis Personality Studies: Background Information Questionnaire (BIQ)
    Internal Dataset

    Authors
    • Pilkonis, Paul
    Description

    This data package contains SPSS data and codebooks containing participant demographic information for several personality studies conducted by Paul Pilkonis 1990-2017.

    Associated studies:

    1. Validity in the Diagnosis of Personality Disorders ("Validity")
    2. Screening for Personality Disorders ("Screening")
    3. Interpersonal Functioning in Borderline Personality ("Interpersonal Functioning")
    4. Interpersonal Functioning and Emotion in Borderline Personality ("Emotion and Interpersonal Functioning")
    5. Interpersonal Functioning and Emotion in Borderline Personality ("Couples")

    Data include self-reported demographic information, length of current relationship (couples), occupational status, income, sexual orientation, and educational attainment, as well as a checklist of common medical problems, medications and a list of individuals who live with the participant.

    Note: The BIQ was changed slightly for each study. Each version is included, and variable lists included.

    Keywords
    • Borderline Personality Disorder
    • Personality Assessment
    • Personality Disorders
    • Psychiatry
    Timeframe
    1990 – 2017
    Access Rights
    Free to all
  • Survey results of academic / health science library roles in providing support for electronic lab notebooks
    Internal Dataset

    Authors
    • Iwema, Carrie L.
    • Ratajeski, Melissa A.
    • Bower, Margarete
    • Mattern, Eleanor
    • 1 more author(s)...
    Description

    University of Pittsburgh librarians at the Health Sciences Library System and the University Library System conducted an 18-question Qualtrics survey in 2017 to learn what roles other academic and health sciences libraries are playing at their institutions in providing services and support to their users regarding electronic lab notebooks (ELNs). The PDF contains the survey questions, which are a mix of multiple choice and free text. The CSV file contains de-identifed survey responses (indicated as #####).

    Keywords
    • Academic libraries
    • Electronic Lab Notebooks
    • Information Science
    • Laboratory notebooks
    • Libraries, Medical
    • Library Surveys
    • Research Data Management
    • Research Notebooks
    • Research Support Services
    Timeframe
    2017
    Access Rights
    Free to all
  • Molecular Biology Information Service survey on services, Health Sciences Library System, University of Pittsburgh
    Internal Dataset

    Authors
    • Iwema, Carrie L.
    • Chattopadhyay, Ansuman
    Description

    The Molecular Biology Information Service (MBIS) of the Health Sciences Library System (HSLS) at the University of Pittsburgh conducted a 33-question Qualtrics survey in early 2018 to evaluate the effectiveness of services provided by the MBIS. The CSV file contains de-identifed survey responses--identifying information for Q6.7 was redacted. Also included is a PDF of the Qualtrics survey response report and a PDF of the survey questions (multiple choice, ranking, and free text).

    Keywords
    • Bioinformatics
    • Biomedical Research
    • Computational Biology
    • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
    • Information Science
    • Information Services
    • Libraries, Medical
    • Library Surveys
    • Molecular Biology
    • Software Training
    Timeframe
    2018
    Access Rights
    Free to all
  • Data management practices of health sciences researchers
    Internal Dataset

    Authors
    • Ratajeski, Melissa A.
    • Iwema, Carrie L.
    • Ketchum, Andrea
    Description

    Librarians at the University of Pittsburgh Health Sciences Library System conducted a 25-question online survey of the data management practices of researchers within the six schools of the health sciences (School of Medicine, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Graduate School of Public Health, School of Nursing, School of Pharmacy, and School of Dental Medicine).

    The survey was administered via SurveyMonkey. Questions included researchers’ demographics and data management practices such as the use of file naming conventions, assignment of metadata to data files, storage of working and back-up data, data accessibility, and the use of data management plans (survey instrument provided). All multiple choice questions required a response and the majority were “check all that apply.”

    This dataset includes .csv files of the raw and coded data, data dictionary, and the survey instrument in PDF.

    Keywords
    • Information Science
    • Library Surveys
    • Research Data Management
    Timeframe
    2013
    Access Rights
    Free to all